Health Status Change Long Text Description for Tables 1-3

Table 1: Odds ratio of change in Health Related Quality of Life when disability status changed

This table shows odds ratios of change in eight Health Related Quality of Life measures for the six disability types as reported in the American Community Survey. All Health Related Quality of Life variables are standardized. We use cluster-robust standard errors, clustered at the individual level. The odds ratio is presented with the standard error or the estimate presented next in parenthesis. N is the number of observations used for computing the odds ratio. * = p<0.05; ** = p<0.01;  *** = p<0.001. For instance, for the first indicator under days in which physical health was reported as not good, those who report hearing difficulties are 1.08 times more likely to report days when physical health was not good, compared to those without hearing difficulties, with a standard error of 0.21 and 294 participants. However, this relationship was not significant.

HRQoL = Health Related Quality of Life – 14 symptoms in the past 30 days.

Physical = Days physical health not good

  • Hearing difficulties: odds ratio is 1.08; standard error is 0.21; n = 294
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 0.79; standard error is 0.16; n = 218
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 1.18 ; standard error is 0.16); n = 553
  • Walking : odds ratio is 1.46**; standard error is 0.19; n = 597
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 1.95***; standard error is 0.32; n = 479
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.60**; standard error is 0.23; n = 576

MHealth = Days mental health not good

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 1.04; standard error is 0.22; n = 299
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 1.28; standard error is 0.26; n = 216
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 1.85***; standard error is 0.24; n = 558
  • Walking: odds ratio is 1.49**; standard error is 0.21; n = 610
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 1.94***; standard error is 0.30; n = 478
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.31*; standard error is 0.16; n = 579

MH Act = Days activities were limited by mental health

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 1.04; standard error is 0.19; n  296
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 1.41; standard error is 0.30; n = 215
  • Remembering : odds ratio is 1.25; standard error is 0.15; n = 557
  • Walking : odds ratio is 1.51**; standard error is 0.20; n = 608
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 1.74***; standard error is 0.26; n = 477
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.63***; standard error is 0.20; n = 576

Pain Act = Days activities were limited by pain

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 1.08; standard error is 0.22; n = 296
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 1.98*; standard error is 0.62; n =218
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 1.67**; standard error is 0.28; n = 560
  • Walking: odds ratio is 2.10***; standard error is 0.31; n = 610
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 2.06***; standard error is 0.35; n = 480
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.79***; standard error is 0.29; n = 581

Depression = Days felt sad, blue or depressed

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 0.88; standard error is 0.18; n = 298
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 1.11; standard error is 0.24; n = 215
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 1.63***; standard error is 0.21; n = 559
  • Walking: odds ratio is 1.50**; standard error is 0.22; n = 610
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 1.60***; standard error is 0.22; n = 477
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.60***; standard error is 0.21; n = 580

Anxious = Days felt worried, tense or anxious

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 1.05; standard error is 0.22; n = 298
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 1.44; standard error is 0.33; n = 217
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 1.39*; standard error is 0.19; n = 558
  • Walking: odds ratio is 1.87***; standard error is 0.30; n = 599
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 1.39*; standard error is 0.23; n = 476
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.59**; standard error is 0.23; n = 572

Sleep = Days did not get enough sleep

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 0.81; standard error is 0.18; n = 295
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 1.54; standard error is 0.39; n = 218
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 1.43*; standard error is 0.20; n = 552
  • Walking: odds ratio is 1.57**; standard error is 0.26; n = 596
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 1.71**; standard error is 0.29; n = 480
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.58**; standard error is 0.24; n = 579

Energy = Days felt very healthy and full of energy

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 0.85; standard error is 0.17; n = 289
  • Seeing : odds ratio is 0.90; standard error is 0.25; n = 219
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 0.67*; standard error is 0.11; n = 544
  • Walking : odds ratio is 0.63**; standard error is 0.09; n = 593
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 0.54**; standard error is 0.11; n = 468
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 0.80; standard error is 0.13; n = 570

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Table 2: Odds ratio of change in Secondary Conditions when disability status changed

This table shows the odds ratio of change in the eight Secondary Condition Surveillance Instruments when disability status changed. All SCSI variables standardized. We use cluster-robust standard errors, clustered at the individual level. * = p<0.05; ** = p<0.01;  *** = p<0.001.

SCSI = Secondary Condition Surveillance Instruments

Fatigue

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 1.00; standard error is 0.17; n = 298
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 1.54; standard error is 0.35; n = 215
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 1.33*; standard error is 0.17; n = 560
  • Walking: odds ratio is 1.52**; standard error is 0.20; n = 603
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 1.30; standard error is 0.19; n = 481
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.11; standard error is 0.15; n = 577

Fitness

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 1.46*; standard error is 0.26; n = 297
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 1.47; standard error is 0.32; n = 217
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 1.18; standard error is 0.15; n = 558
  • Walking: odds ratio is 1.40**; standard error is 0.16; n = 610
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 1.63***; standard error is 0.24; n = 481
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.28*; standard error is 0.16; n = 579

Depression

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 0.95; standard error is 0.20; n = 298
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 1.20; standard error is 0.25; n = 217
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 1.59***; standard error is 0.20; n = 560
  • Walking: odds ratio is 1.43*; standard error is 0.20; n = 613
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 1.45*; standard error is 0.22; n = 482
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.34*; standard error is 0.17; n = 583

Anxiety

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 0.81; standard error is 0.15; n = 298
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 1.11; standard error is 0.22; n = 216
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 1.17; standard error is 0.15; n = 557
  • Walking: odds ratio is 1.23; standard error is 0.16; n = 612
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 1.34; standard error is 0.20; n = 482
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.23; standard error is 0.16; n = 584

Sleep

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 1.00; standard error is 0.17; n = 298
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 0.96; standard error is 0.20; n = 213
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 1.29; standard error is 0.17; n = 560
  • Walking: odds ratio is 1.54***; standard error is 0.19; n = 605
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 1.23; standard error is 0.17; n = 468
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.41*; standard error is 0.19; n = 579

Side Effects = Medication Side Effects

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 1.18; standard error is 0.21; n = 295
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 1.44; standard error is 0.28; n = 215
  • Remembering : odds ratio is 1.24; standard error is 0.16; n = 553
  • Walking: odds ratio is 1.37*; standard error is 0.17; n = 608
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 1.47**; standard error is 0.19; n = 472
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.22; standard error is 0.14; n = 574

Pain = Chronic Pain

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 1.25; standard error is 0.22; n = 297
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 1.26; standard error is 0.26; n = 216
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 1.21; standard error is 0.17; n = 559
  • Walking: odds ratio is 1.45**; standard error is 0.17; n = 600
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 2.02***; standard error is 0.34; n = 470
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.31*; standard error is 0.18; n = 568

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Table 3: Odds ratio of change in supports used when disability status changed

This table shows odds ratios of change for each of nine categories of supports used by respondents. We use cluster-robust standard errors, clustered at the individual level. * = p<0.05; ** = p<0.01;  *** = p<0.001.

Equip = a checklist of supports used by respondents.

No equip = no equipment used

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 1.08; standard error is 0.41; n = 296
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 0.54; standard error is 0.25; n = 218
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 0.63; standard error is 0.19; n = 561
  • Walking: odds ratio is 0.48**; standard error is 0.13; n = 616
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 0.57; standard error is 0.17; n = 486
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 0.31***; standard error is 0.09; n = 584

Other ppl = other people

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 1.73; standard error is 0.67; n = 296
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 3.36**; standard error is 1.42; n = 218
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 2.32**; standard error is 0.66; n = 561
  • Walking: odds ratio is 2.49**; standard error is 0.76; n = 616
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 1.97*; standard error is 0.58; n = 486
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 2.50***; standard error is 0.61; n = 584

Walker

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 2.04; standard error is 1.08; n = 296
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 1.92; standard error is 0.95; n = 218
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 2.76**; standard error is 1.08; n = 561
  • Walking: odds ratio is 3.70***; standard error is 1.27; n = 616
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 1.96*; standard error is 0.61; n = 486
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 3.81***; standard error is 1.28; n = 584

Animal = Service animal

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 0.00; standard error is 0.00; n =296
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 0.53; standard error is 0.75; n = 218
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 1.59; standard error is 2.22; n = 561
  • Walking: odds ratio is 0.00; standard error is 0.00; n = 611
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 0.00; standard error is 0.00; n = 485
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.73; standard error is 2.54; n = 584

Man wheelchair = manual wheelchair

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 1.26; standard error is 1.22; n = 296
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 3.72; standard error is 4.74; n = 218
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 2.02; standard error is 1.24; n = 560
  • Walking: odds ratio is 11.11*; standard error is 12.44; n = 616
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 3.81; standard error is 2.73; n = 486
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 12.59*; standard error is 13.86; n = 584

Power wheelchair

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 0.69; standard error is 0.86; n = 296
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 0.49; standard error is 0.45; n = 218
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 1.25; standard error is 0.78; n = 559
  • Walking: odds ratio is 1.52; standard error is 1.42; n = 616
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 0.78; standard error is 0.55; n = 485
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.28; standard error is 0.79; n = 584

Brace

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 2.21; standard error is 1.69; n = 296
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 2.09; standard error is 1.61; n = 218
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 0.97; standard error is 0.56; n = 561
  • Walking: odds ratio is 1.83; standard error is 0.89; n = 616
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 2.56; standard error is 1.36; n = 486
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 4.67*; standard error is 3.18; n = 584

Oxygen

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 7.13; standard error is 8.19; n = 296
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 5.62; standard error is 6.76; n = 218
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 4.09; standard error is 4.80; n = 561
  • Walking: odds ratio is 5.15; standard error is 6.35; n = 616
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 2.72; standard error is 2.52; n = 486
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 6.84; standard error is 8.25; n = 584

Other

  • Hearing: odds ratio is 1.09; standard error is 0.66; n = 295
  • Seeing: odds ratio is 0.76; standard error is 0.44; n = 218
  • Remembering: odds ratio is 2.24; standard error is 1.02; n = 560
  • Walking: odds ratio is 1.85; standard error is 0.83; n = 616
  • Dressing/Bathing: odds ratio is 2.05; standard error is 0.85; n = 486
  • Doing Errands: odds ratio is 1.07; standard error is 0.47; n = 584

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